RESOURCE: Butterfly Lifecycle

This educational handout is a launching point for discussions about the lifecycle of a monarch butterfly.  The worksheet outlines the four basic stages of the butterfly’s lifecycle and leaves space for participants to write their notes and answers to discussion questions about each stage.

garddwest printable lifecycle of monarch single

garddwest printable lifecycle of monarch double* this double-column worksheet can be printed on 8.5×11 and cut in half when printing multiple copies of the handout

PLANT LIST: Butterfly Gardens


Orange + Pink

– Asclepias tuberosa (info)

– Achillea millefolium ‘Summer Pastels’ (info)

– Buddleia x weyeriana ‘Bicolor’ (pictures)

– Salvia nemorosa ‘Sensation Deep Rose’ (info)

– Coreopsis verticillata ‘Sweet Marmalade’ (info)

Blue + Yellow

– Asclepias tuberosa ‘Hello Yello’ (info)

– Achillea millefolium ‘Sunny Seduction’ (info)

– Buddleia ‘Flutterby Petite Blue Heaven’ (info)

– Salvia nemorosa ‘Sensation Sky Blue’ (info)

– Coreopsis verticillata ‘Moonbeam’ (info)

Looking for more information about how to select a location for these plants, which butterflies they attract or want to DIY your own Butterfly Garden? -> see the Butterfly Gardens section of our Resources Page and the

FEATURE: Butterfly Gardens

Butterfly gardening provides a garden space that attracts, feeds and provides a home for butterflies and certain moths.  Butterfly garden plants are selected for all stages of the butterfly’s lifecycle – places to lay eggs, leafy food for caterpillars, flowers for adult butterflies as well as complimentary plants to attract other pollinators and deter unwanted pests.  Because many caterpillars and adult butterflies are obligate feeders, meaning they feed exclusively on one plant species, special care must be taken when selecting plants to provide for specific butterflies.

for example – the Monarch Butterfly’s caterpillar is an obligate feeder, and can only feed on milkweed, the adult also prefers to lay her eggs near milkweed to provide the larva with a food source after hatching

finding the best LOCATION
for your Butterfly Garden

The ideal spot for a Butterfly Garden is in warm, direct afternoon sunlight.  Keep in mind, as the sun changes seasonal positions along the horizon, the light and shade patterns in your garden will change.  Select a section of your garden that is sunlight between 3pm and 7pm during the butterflies’ most active season – July to September, here in Southern Ontario.  Dappled morning shade gives relief to caterpillars while bright afternoon sunlight encourages flowers and provides warmth for cold-blooded butterflies sunning themselves.  Most butterfly garden plants listed by Garddwest would do best in sunny, mixed soils but tolerant of a wide range of conditions.

TRY THIS: tracking the sun’s path through your potential garden space
Collect marking flags, sticks, any kind of indicator / Find the area of your garden that gets most afternoon sun / Mark the edge of the sun’s shadow every 15 minutes as it moves through your yard by inserting a flag in the ground

attracting BUTTERFLIES
to your Butterfly Garden


Attracts: Eastern Comma, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Least Skipper, Tawny-edged Skipper, Milkweed Tussock Moth, Snowberry Clearwing Moth
*Host plant for: MONARCH!


Attracts: American Painter Lady, Gray Hairstreak


Attracts: Cabbage White, Fiery Skipper, Sachem, Silver-Spotted Skipper, Zabulon Skipper

* information on which butterflies are attracted to specific plants provided by Advice From The Herb Lady and The Natural Web.

choosing the best PLANTS
for your Butterfly Garden

see the more detailed PLANT LIST post, for additional information